Welcome to July 2056

You are invited to accompany a crew of eight astronauts on their mission to the Jupiter ice-moon named Europa.  Their mission is relatively simple, look for evidence of life in a vast ocean that is trapped beneath a thick blanket of ice. There is one problem though… "The Curse!"  Space agencies have sent numerous missions to Europa since 2022 and they have all failed.  Some say the moon is cursed, destined to cause any mission to end in failure.  

This will be the first mission to send humans down to the surface.  Is this a wise thing to do?  

Is it really worth the risk to try to find out if there is life on Europa? 

All seems to go well for the crew at first, but then get ready for a wild ride in this new science fiction adventure book available in paperback and for the Kindle on Amazon.com.  

Why go to Europa?
In the deepest parts of the Earth’s oceans, miles below sea level where sun light has no hope of ever reaching, there is life!  How can life exist without the energy of the Sun?  Hydrothermal Vents!  Cracks in the Earth’s crust near tectonic plates suck in ocean water that in turn super heats the water, jettisoning it back out into the near freezing ocean water.  The superheated water may form features such as black smokers that are formed from minerals dissolved in the vent fluid.  The areas around hydrothermal vents are biologically very productive and often host complex communities of life, fueled by the chemicals dissolved in the vent fluids.  Bacteria form the base of the food chain supporting diverse organisms such as giant tube worms, shrimp, clams, and limpets. 

What does this have to do with Europa?  Active hydrothermal vents are believed to exist in vast oceans under the frozen surface.  The constant gravitational force exerted on Europa from Jupiter is believed to create heat energy from the tidal flexing.  Scientists believe that Europa is volcanically active and thus have the same ingredients for sub ocean life: volcanic heat and water. 

What’s this “Curse” all about?
The Curse of Europa is mainly a running joke based on the string of failures that the GSO (and previously NASA) has experienced trying to explore it.  No other space exploration missions have accumulated more failures than the Europa missions.  So is there a curse, or isn’t there?  The crew on this new mission surly hopes it is nothing but a string of bad luck… a string of bad luck they hope to break; because five of them are actually going down to the surface! 

Life on Europa 2011  The Europa Report   Life on Europa 2011  The Europa Report 
Life on Europa 2011